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MACHU PICCHU HISTORY

 

Machu Picchu Peru 100 Years Discovery

 

ARCHAEOLOGY
Three thousand feet above Urubamba Valley, Peru, stretch two mountains, Machu Picchu (Old Mountain) and Huayna Picchu (Young Mountain). On a cloud-draped ridge between the two peaks lies the site of Machu Picchu, part of the estate of the Inca king Pachacuti [AD 1438-1471]. The site is made up of single buildings arranged in groups, along streets, adjacent to plazas and terraces. Most of the buildings are residences, some of white granite masonry such as that seen in the city of Cuzco. Some of the buildings, which must have been for special purposes, are partly carved into the bedrock and partly built from finely cut white granite.

Due to its impressive buildings and gorgeous natural surroundings, Machu Picchu is among the seven "wonders of the world".

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HISTORICAL SANCTUARY
The sanctuary, surrounded by majestic snow-capped mountains, it is easy to appreciate the diversity of flora and fauna, it is an attraction for local people and for tourists.
The Inca architecture was among the finest prehistoric architecture in the world. Examples can be seen in Cuzco and Ollantaytambo, and of course here at Machu Picchu. The building style is characterized by exquisitely cut masonry, placed together completely without mortar. The raw material was granite, worked by stone and sand into irregular shapes that fit together like a gigantic puzzle. Some stones have as many as thirty facets worked into the surface, and as a result, the faces of the stone fit together so tightly that a needle won't fit between them. Those are only few reasons for visiting Machu Picchu in a unique experience:
A wonderful combination of creativity art and the wildness of nature.

Inca Trail History

HUAYNAPICCHU
The "Young mountain" in the Quechua language.

Machu Picchu represents the face of the Inca looking upward towards the sky, with the largest peak, Huayna Picchu (meaning Young Peak), representing his pierced nose and also the duality templance and balance withing Machupicchu (Machupicchu = Old Mountain and Huaynapicchu =Joung mountain)

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THE INCA TRAIL
Following Bingham's footsteps, the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu is rated among the ten best trekking trails in the world because of its striking beauty, ancient Inca ruins and diverse ecological zones. This route traverses very diverse terrains, from high desert plateau to tropical Andean rainforest.

Following an ancient Inca trail, we will be walking past mysterious archaeological sites half-cloaked in jungle overgrowth that makes it look like you are discovering them for the first time.

Inca Trail Machu Picchu

THE MOON TEMPLE
The Temple covers the entire landscape of the slopes of Huayna Picchu and consists of a set of architecturally enhanced caves, most likely used to hold mummies of important Inca ancestors and provide places for their worship. More fine stonework embellishes the walls of these caves, some of which are decorated with niches and altars carved into the native rock.

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