The famous Sun
Temple of Qosqo was and is in practice a synthesis
of the Inkan organization, architecture and religion;
that had already reached the summit of their level
by 1438. It possibly represented the "Navel of the
World"; therefore, the world's center in the pre-Hispanic
According to our
history, it was the first Inka, Manko Qhapaq who
built the original temple. But, it was the ninth,
Pachakuteq who since 1438 reconstructed, enlarged,
improved and modernized the most important religious
complex of the vast Inkan Society.
certain discrepancies about the complex's
original name, and though they are not
antagonistic ones, they cause a relative
confusion. Frequently in chronicles and
history treatises the name Intiwasi is found,
(inti= sun, wasi= house) it means "Sun House";
also the name Intikancha is used and which
would mean "Sun Palace" (this is considering
that almost all Inkan palaces had the noun "Kancha").
While that its most popular name is
Qorikancha that would mean "Golden Palace".
Maria Rostworowski suggests that the ancient
temple was known as "Intikancha" and after
Pachakuteq as "Qorikancha".